General Facts

    • The annual incidence of TBI is greater than that of Multiple Sclerosis, Spinal Cord Injury, HIV/AIDS and Breast Cancer combined.
    • Over 500,000 Canadians sustain a traumatic brain injury each year, and incidence rates are on the rise.
    • TBI is the leading killer and disabler of Canadians under the age of 40.
    • Men experience brain injury twice as often as women.
    • The human skull provides very little protection from injury; it is only one quarter inch thick.
    • Concussion is the third most prevalent sport related injury.
    • After one brain injury, you are at three times greater risk for a second brain injury and eight times greater for other bodily injuries.
    • Neurotrauma injuries (brain injury, spinal cord injury) impact over half a million Ontarians and create a cost burden to the province in the order of 2 to 3 billion annually.
    • Each severe brain injury costs our medical system over $400,000 at the time of injury. Costs remain approximately the same each year following the incident due to indirect expenses and follow-up treatment.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

    • Motor Vehicle Accidents account for over half of all acquired brain injuries.
    • Distracted driving is now responsible for more MVA accidents than drunk driving.
    • Distracted driving is cited as a causal factor in 30 to 50 per cent of traffic collisions on Ontario.


    • Toronto has one of the highest collision rates per capita for cyclists of any large Canadian city.
    • Head injuries rank among the most severe injuries in bicyclists, representing 20% to 40% of all bicycling injuries encountered in Canadian emergency departments.
    • head injuries account for 45% to 100% of child and youth bicycling deaths.
    • Cyclist wearing a helmet reduce the risk of an acquired brain injury by 88%.

Children and Brain Injury

    • A common misconception is that children recovery more quickly than an adult with an ABI.
    • Injury is the leading killer of Canadian children and youth. 50 per cent of all deaths from injury are from brain injuries.
    • Thirty per cent of all traumatic brain injuries are sustained by children and youth, many of them while participating in sports and recreational activities.
    • Only 39% of car seats for school aged children (ages 4-8) are used correctly.

Living with Brain Injury

    • 22% of individuals with a catastrophic brain injury reportedly never leave their home.
    • Research shows that 20% of people in forensic psychiatric settings in Ontario appear to have a history of brain injury.
    • A study has found that more than half of Toronto’s homeless population has a TBI. Even more concerning, for 70% of those surveyed, the first TBI occurred before becoming homeless.
    • Research shows that, of 235 provincial prison inmates interviewed, 44% reported a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI).